As in many European countries, the early Twenties in Soviet Russia saw
the quick raise of the first jazz collectives. Valentin Yakovlevich Parnach,
who got fascinated with jazz while being in Paris and organized the first
such band in Russia after his return home, is by right considered to be
the pioneer in this field. On October 1, 1922, the first jazz concert in
the Soviet country took place, provoking an active responce in progressive
The words of Genrich Terpilovsky, one of the Soviet jazz pioneers, who
characterized "PEKSA" "being not jazz, but a daring innovatory experiment
on the way to jazz"
1927, when Alexander Tsfasman's "AMA - jazz" in Moscow and Leopold Teplitsky's "First concert jazz band" in Leningrad appeared, was a real turning point in the development of jazz in Russia. One should note that Leningrad became a true cradle of Soviet professional jazz music. That was the place where Boris Krupyshev's bands later performed, and the "Leningrad jazz capella" led by Gennady Landsberg and Krupyshev came to being in 1929. The latter collective, a resident band of the Leningrad radio in the thirties, was the first one to start creating Soviet jazz repertoire.
In conclusion we'll mention the extremely little number of true jazz
records made at that time, that could be simply counted on fingers. But
the "jazz - like" collectives, such as L'vov-Vel'yaminov's orchestra, that
in essence was a brass-band, or that of Sigismund Kort, proclaimed themselves
jazz without any ceremonies and placed this word on the record labels.
There was plenty of such products, which, however, do not determine the
true look of the 1920s Soviet jazz, as those few discs recorded by the
orchestras of Tsfasman, Landsberg and Utyosov do.